Intracellular signaling cascades following light irradiation
This paper reviews the available literature on molecular signaling pathways involved in photobiomodulation therapy stimulation for the enhancement of cell proliferation, differentiation, or apoptosis in various indications. The pathways through activating receptor tyrosine kinases are also highlighted in LLLT-induced neuroprotection, wound healing, and skeletal muscle regeneration.
Published: Laser Photonics Rev. 2014; 8(1): 115–130. doi: 10.1002/lpor.201300015